This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. It is planted extensively for ground cover and soil stabilization near beach areas and other areas subject to erosion. Many cultures have found uses for the flowers and roots this herb in … If the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment. The root bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. Eugene August 11, 2019 - 7:19 pm. Thank you, Amanda – that’s very good to know. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . Cogon grass paper-making requires soda ash to break down the fibers. The image shows where road graders have spread cogongrass down a roadside. , Control is typically by the use of herbicides. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer Kugon is a tall, perennial grass used in thatching. A decoction of the root is used as an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery. Their website also states that indigenous native Australians may have used the plant as a substitute for salt due to its high saline content. After a fire, cogongrass will recolonize the area using their rhizome network which was unaffected by the fire. in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. Have tried Roundup & many other products but this grass is very invasive & nothing works. It has also been introduced to Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southeastern United States. Beneficial Uses of the Cogon Grass As food: Young clusters and shoots are edible when cooked, the roots are starchy and contain sugar. There are other grasses that may possess one or two of these characteristics but cogongrass will generally exhibit all the traits listed. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) Worldwide it has been observed from 45°N to 45°S.  Before it was named an invasive species in the area, it was cultivated for fodder for livestock and erosion control. It spreads both through small seeds, which are easily carried by the wind, and rhizomes which can be transported by tilling equipment and in soil transport. David The Good March 27, 2018 - 4:26 pm. , In addition to outcompeting species for resources, the grass also exhibits allelopathic tendencies. Imazapyr is highly active on hardwood trees and. In the Southeastern United States, state governments have various eradication efforts in place, and deliberate propagation is prohibited by some authorities.  Burnoff is seldom successful since the grass burns at a high temperature causing heat damage to trees which would ordinarily be undamaged by a controlled burn and recovers from a burn quickly. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. 2008. You can build your own biogas generator. The rhizomes are generally found as a thick mat in the top 6 inches of the soil. , The plant has become naturalized in the Americas, Northern Asia, Europe and Africa in addition to many islands and is listed as an invasive weed in some areas. It is also planted and sold as an ornamental; I. cylindrica variety Rubra also known as Red Baron or Japanese Blood grass is used in landscaping. (2000). Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. Early fall (late September through October) is the best time of year to treat cogongrass with herbicide. A number of cultivars have been selected for garden use as ornamental plants, including the red-leaved 'Red Baron', also known as Japanese blood grass. Why is cogon grass invasive? It affects the lives of vegetation Figure 4. Common names. Seems we can at least redeem a little use from the weed. koenigii. Both of these chemistries are non-selective and should be used with care. Herb: Cogongrass. Uses (Ethnobotany): It has been used in traditional medicines. The grass tends to be averse to dense shade, but reports indicate more shade-tolerant strains are developing. Extensive rhizome growth on a young cogongrass plant. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). As building material: Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking (bundled). , The legume vine Mucuna pruriens is used in the countries of Benin and Vietnam as a biological control for Imperata cylindrica.. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. It is used for thatching the roofs of traditional homes throughout south-east Asia. Optimizing the timing of applications is a key first step. Cogon grass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 i… The structures of arundoin, cylindrin and fernenol : Triterpenoids of fernane and arborane groups of imperata cylindrica var. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Glyphosate (RoundUp and many generics) and Imazapyr (trade names include Arsenal, Chopper, and Habitat) are the two effective chemical options. Photo Credit: Mark Mauldin.  It failed to prevent erosion because of how weedy it was and animals wouldn't eat it as fodder. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . Scales ” a very distinct pattern of nodes and internode is visible, and pond management and deliberate is... The flowers are used in traditional Chinese medicine. [ 14 ] triterpenoids of fernane and groups. Through October ) is an invasive plant Roof thatches, Fuel for cooking ( bundled ) body in rid... Identification possible in traditional medicines weed is not uncommon to see hillsides of cogongrass unaffected by the fire their! 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