Without question, the Stand Out and Break Out countries are benefiting from a combination of the strong rates of digitalization and the involvement of governments in orchestrating digital economies. Digital Economy and Society Index 2020 (DESI) reports are based on 2019 data. While digitalization is advanced in places like Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark, and Finland, the momentum there has slowed, and is slowing … Which country leads the world in digital? Moreover, how strongly each of them is felt varies depending on where you are in the world. 3 Established: countries… One reason for the advanced state of digitalisation digitalization in the Baltic country is to be found in its low population density. The Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), Integration of Digital Technology by Enterprises, Digital Economy and Society Index Report - the telecoms chapters. This can act as a drag on any initiative. Review Member States' performances in digitisation. It is essential for them to recognize the risks of plateauing and look to the smaller, higher-momentum countries to explore how policy interventions could be effective in pushing a country into a zone of greater competitiveness. Digital technologies are poised to change the future of work. This evolution is the outcome of an interplay among four drivers, with about 170 indicators across them (see sidebar). Automation, big data, and artificial intelligence enabled by the application of digital technologies could affect 50% of the world economy. Editor’s note: Every ranking or index is just one way to analyze and compare companies or places, based on a specific methodology and data set. But no one should panic, because jobs are … Upstream supply chain phase. In terms of the mobile industry as the driver for service anywhere and anytime, specific gaps between Latin America and developed countries have to be considered. Digital Economy and Society Index 2020 (DESI) reports are based on 2019 data. Break Out countries have the potential to become the Stand Out countries of the future, with China, Malaysia, Bolivia, Kenya, and Russia leading the pack. Watch Out countries face significant challenges with their low state of digitalization and low momentum; in some cases, these countries are moving backward in their pace of digitalization. Yet in this short period, digital technologies have upended our world. Momentum is picking up in places like China, Malaysia, Bolivia, Kenya, and Russia, even though those countries may not be as digitally advanced as standouts New Zealand, the U.K., the UAE, and Singapore. There is both anticipation and apprehension about what lies on the other side of the threshold of the “second machine age.” More than 1 billion jobs and $14.6 trillion in wages are automatable by today’s technology, which could open the door to new ways to harness human energy as well as to displacing routine jobs and increasing social inequities. Their rise to prominence is evidenced in the number . If we fail to pro-actively select our place within the global manufacturing industry we run the risk of continuing on this path of non-industrialization. They are leaders in driving innovation, building on their existing advantages in efficient and effective ways. country, including factors such as: local rule of law, the Ease of Doing Business Index, the Logistics Performance Index (LPI) infrastructure rating, and the time it takes businesses to obtain access to electricity. At HBR, we believe that a well-designed index can provide useful insights, even though by definition it is a snapshot of a bigger picture. Today , authorities and companies offer over 3,000 online services. The European Union has 412 million internet users, but its market is fragmented; it is still in the process of creating a “digital single market.” In many countries, several websites or digital companies are blocked. With products that rely on network effects, these players enjoy economies of scale and dominant market share. Lebanon is another example; surpassed by Morocco in the Enabling Digitalization Index and ranked at the 90 th position in the Digitization Index out of 100 countries worldwide. Harvard Business Publishing is an affiliate of Harvard Business School. The country benefits from a large market, a strong knowledge ecosystem and a … The score is calculated based on five components: connectivity, infrastructure, regulation, knowledge and size. Often held back by relatively weak infrastructure and poor institutional quality, Break Out countries would do well to foster better institutions that can help nurture and sustain innovation. While the Netherlands, France, Sweden, and Switzerland are among the least cash-reliant countries in the world, even in the Eurozone, 75% of point-of-sale payments are in cash. Euler Hermes presents its Enabling Digitalization Index (EDI) 2018, which illustrates each country’s ability to provide the necessary environment for business to succeed in an increasingly digitalized global economy. First, digital assets. As a measure of how well an economy is using information and communications technologies to boost competitiveness and well-being, it will be very interesting to watch the position of the UAE over the next few years. However, the role of digitalization has become particularly important in the face of worldwide pandemic. India, with its 462 million internet users, has a digital economy representing arguably the greatest market potential for global players; however, it operates in multiple languages and multiple infrastructure challenges, despite the government having taken sweeping actions that affect the digital market. To avoid stalling out and rebuilding momentum, policies need to be adopted for: public-private partnerships on digital innovations; better integration of automation, data, and new technologies into the legacy economy; investments in reskilling workers and teaching students in schools the skills and thinking to thrive in a digital world; improving access to capital and digital infrastructure and reducing the many inequities; sensible regulations that keep pace with the transforming rules of competition and have a dynamic view of protecting consumers’ interests without stifling innovation; and reimagining U.S. competitiveness in terms of its digital economy and international data flows and thinking beyond traditional manufacturing and trade of physical goods and services. Depending on a country’s level of digital evolution and economic advancement, there are different drivers that are primarily responsible for digital momentum. The Euler Hermes Enabling Digitalization Index (EDI) measures the ability – and agility – of countries to help digi-tal companies thrive and traditional businesses harness the digital dividend. Digital commerce must still contend with cash. Where quantified, agreement or strong agreement to indicators were found to be between 35 and 65 percent. The US on top of the digitagile world. Countries with a long road ahead in their digital development include South Africa, Egypt, and Pakistan. Ben Gummer’s claim, quoted above, is based on a 2016 United Nations E-Government Survey which positioned the UK in pole position in terms of both e-government development and e-participation as shown in Figure 1 below.. What factors explain these patterns, and how do they vary across regions? The United States, Germany and the Netherlands make the top three of the 2018 EDI ranking. countries/organizations have started the digitalization path, providing the necessary environment for its development but still with significant challenges. In Africa, while the two largest economies, Nigeria and South Africa, remain in Break Out and Watch Out zones, respectively, digitally savvy Kenya has picked up an impressive level of momentum by assembling a thriving ecosystem. Each sub-index comprises technologies … This is the third edition of our ranking (a score from 0 = worst to 100 = best). The countries investigated in the process represent over 70% of the global population and around 5.5 billion people. The drivers and key components we analyzed are as follows: We also examined the competitiveness of a country’s digital economy along two dimensions: its current state of digital evolution, as determined by the interplay of the four drivers mentioned above, and its pace of digital evolution over time, as measured by the growth rate of a country’s digital evolution score over the period 2008 – 2015. The Digital Evolution Index, a joint project between The Fletcher School at Tufts University and Mastercard, traces the emergence of a “digital planet.” In other words, it maps how physical interactions – in communications, social and political exchange, commerce, media and entertainment — are being displaced by digitally mediated ones, and pinpoints where this transition is happening most rapidly. In parallel, countries in Latin America can learn some lessons from smaller, faster-moving countries, such as Colombia and Bolivia. Also, digitalization should be used extensively, especially in situations of lockdown and switching from classical teaching to online systems (Bejinaru, 2019; Tsui & Dragicevic, 2018). The most valuable non-American company, 7th overall, was China’s e-commerce giant, Alibaba Group. The world’s biggest trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), was signed by China, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea and all 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations … Two years on, depending on where we live, we continue to move at different speeds toward the digital planet. It is barely 20 years since Sergey Brin and Larry Page registered the domain name google.com, and only 10 years since Steve Jobs walked onto a stage in San Francisco and introduced the iPhone. Of these, 54 percent are based in the United States to date, with 23 percent in China, and 10 percent in Europe. country GDPs. Finland, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands scored the highest ratings in DESI 2020 and are among the global leaders in digitalisation. Digitalization has many different aspects, which are explained in this article. The Industry Digitalisation Index (IDI), tracks businesses’ digitalisation progress across sectors, and spans four separate functions of digitalisation in the processes of trade and general business activities. The index covers 180 countries on a 0–1 scale, and emphasizes the “supply-side” of digital adoption to maximize coverage and simplify theoretical linkages. Smaller countries with strong institutions can create high value as early adopters and create a demonstration effect for the world by assembling the right ecosystem. Our inquiry started with the following questions: By measuring each country’s current state of digital evolution and its pace of digital evolution over time, we created the following chart, a map of our digital planet (see chart below). To use them you only need a citizen’s ID card. Let us look at each of our three broad index categories in turn. Consider the five most salient features of today’s digital landscape. Where momentum is picking up, and where it’s stalling out. The index analyzes the economies of 99 different countries. How do countries accelerate their digital momentum. Clearly, the most exciting region in the world, digitally speaking, is Asia, with China and Malaysia as exemplars. Alongside business innovation, digitalization – the development of digital innovations – is one of the most important business trends for the future of the economy. BloombergNEF’s 2019 ranking reveals the industrial digitalization status of 40 countries and ranks them using metrics in investment, governance, workforce and technology. Many might be tempted to answer that the US does, but the answer actually depends on what aspect of “digital” you’re looking at. The United Kingdom is still included in the 2020 DESI, and EU averages are calculated for 28 Member States. Based on their stock prices on July 6, 2017, Apple, Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon, and Facebook were the five most valuable companies in the world. The picture that summarizes the state of the digital planet will evolve when it does. The UAE. We can expect to see plenty of investor and entrepreneurial interest in this region; it is critical that the political institutions are stable and supportive. All rights reserved. And when Unionbank president and CEO Edwin Bautista announced his vision to become a fully digital bank and even one of the top three universal banks in the country by 2020, he had is finger on the launch button early. Digitalization is the use of digital technologies to change a business model and provide new revenue and value-producing opportunities; it is the process of moving to a digital business. This has different implications for what advanced economies and developing economies ought to prioritize: innovation for the former and institutions for the latter. However, sustaining consistently high momentum over time is challenging, as innovation-led expansions are often lumpy phenomena. The five-country surveys, covering approximately 1,200 firms, provided the empirical base to examine the extent to which advancements in digitalization are evolving in each country. In our 2018 ranking, the US, Germany and the Netherlands are the top 3 digitagile countries across the world. Click on the countries displayed within the map below to see the country-specific reports on digital performance, or click in the list. The aggregate business digitalization index (BDI) in Russia was measured at 50 points. Euler Hermes presents its Enabling Digitalization Index (EDI) 2018, which illustrates each country’s ability to provide the necessary environment for business to succeed in an increasingly digitalized global economy. 15. Broader, more systemic changes are needed to boost digital evolution in this type of environment. 3 Infrastructure in the EDAI refers to IT infrastructure, including measures of mobile and fixed line connections. Within the digital entrepreneurship sector, IPOs and exits have not been keeping pace with the record sums of capital being pumped in. Countries with high-performing digital sectors, such as those in the EU, typically have had strong government/policy involvement in shaping the digital economies. Five months after the country benefits from a large market, a strong knowledge ecosystem and a … country.... 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